The first series deals with poverty in the Philippines, which i attribute largely to its inefficient and grossly corrupt government as well as more importantly, its huge population. I've always believed that large populations are not the only cause, but a significant cause for poverty and the backwardness of any country, including countries like the Philippines. I believe that is what prevents Malaysia and Singapore from falling into extreme poverty as compared to countries in the region such as Thailand, Indonesia, and the Philippines, all of which have large populations to feed and develop. Of cos, government mismanagement and abuse of funds as well as inefficiency and corruption also play a large part but these all occur in Malaysia as well but my country (along with Taiwan) have managed to avoid such large populations of poor people or slum areas and regions of the country precisely because of the smaller population in Malaysia and Taiwan.
For instance, in 1999 the Philippines had 65 million people. By 2009, a mere 10 years later, the population had ballooned to 90 million people already. This increase of 25 million people in 10 years is MORE than the entire population of Australia and almost a reproduction of the ENTIRE Malaysian population currently (28 million) as well!! This means that in a mere 10 yrs, the Philippines government has had to cope with an extra population the size of Australia!.
The same goes for Thailand, it has around 64 million people and is well known for having poor parts of the country hence its former fame as the sex trafficking and drugs capital of the world with a large poor population, especially, in the North-East part of Thailand.
Malaysia has by and large escaped from the reputation of poverty as Thailand and the Philippines has precisely because it has at least 60 million less people to look after when compared to the Philippines and at least half the population of Thailand. This means both Thailand and the Philippines may have middle and upper class populations equivalent of the whole of Malaysia, 28 million, but they still have the extra 60 million or 30 million more people which appear in slums and fill the streets of Manila and Isaan in Thailand. I mean, its not like the Malaysian govt is any better than the Thai one, and the Malaysian government oft makes dumb policies and waste enormous public funds as well as corruption but our low population has saved us such that Kuala Lumpur may not be so much more developed than Manila or Bangkok but at least there are less slums and poor people in it as well as around the country, something which plagues Thailand and especially the Philippines.
Large poor populations also lead to other social problems such as high crime rates, sexual abuse, broken up families due to the need to migrate overseas to earn a higher wage in lowly jobs,etc.
Below are some links to these issues in the context of the Philippines:
Aljazeera's 101 East on Overseas Filipino Workers:
Aljazeera People and Power Report on Jail Kids Sexual Abuse:
And something completely different, and fun to watch: